Cases and Materials on Contracts, 5th Edition

 
Cases and Materials on Contracts, 5th Edition
Author(s):
 
ISBN:
978-1-55239-538-7
 
Publisher:
Emond Montgomery Publications
 
Page Count:
960
 
Status:
Available
 
Copyright Date:
2014
 
Subjects:
Contracts; NCA Required
 
 
 
 

Cases and Materials on Contracts, 5th Edition offers a comprehensive foundation for the development of a full understanding of Canadian contract law. Recent cases and materials, drawn from Canadian, Commonwealth, and American sources, have been carefully selected and edited to deliver a thorough and seamless exploration of contract law in Canada. Notes, comments, questions, and problem scenarios are incorporated liberally throughout the casebook, to fully illuminate legal intricacies and subtleties.

The fifth edition of Cases and Materials on Contracts begins by introducing different theoretical perspectives on Canadian contract law, in order to provide students with the context and basic knowledge that will help them grasp the doctrinal analyses included in subsequent chapters. The next two chapters address remedies for breach of promise and the legal enforceability of different kinds of promises. The casebook can be taught sequentially, for those who wish to begin with remedies, contract formation, or theoretical perspectives, but it is designed to also invite other instructional approaches and sequences.

The growing importance of the law of unjust enrichment, or restitution, and its intimate connection to contract law are reflected in Cases and Materials on Contracts, 5th Edition. This casebook has been developed to equip students with the foundational knowledge and critical thought processes required to effectively understand and analyze case law and legislation in Canadian contract law.

  • Includes two additional essays by Margaret J. Radin on 'boilerplate' provisions in contracts, and the issues they present to fundamental contract principles such as consent, voluntary choice, and enforceability. With the explosion of web and other digital-based transactions, it is particularly important to reconsider the application and reach of “boilerplate” provisions.
    • Margaret J. Radin: “Reconsidering Boilerplate: Confronting Normative and Democratic Degradation”
    • Margaret J. Radin Boilerplate, the Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law
  • Additional cases illustrate Canadian case law on the following issues with respect to the formation of contracts:
    • Protection of Weaker Parties
      • Unconscionability and Undue Influence
        Harry v. Kreutziger (1978, BC Court of Appeal)
    • Public Policy
      • Contracts in Furtherance of Illegal Purposes
        Zimmermann v. Letkeman (1978, Supreme Court of Canada)

Detailed Table of Contents

Preface to the Fifth Edition
Acknowledgments
Summary Table of Contents
Table of Cases
Frequently Cited References
Chapter One Perspectives on Contract Law
Charles Fried, Contract as Promise
Note
Stephen A Smith, Contract Theory
Randy E Barnett, "A Consent Theory of Contract"
Margaret J Radin, "Reconsidering Boilerplate: Confronting Normative and Democratic Degradation"
Michael J Trebilcock, The Limits of Freedom of Contract
Note
Jeffrey L Harrison, "The Influence of Law and Economics Scholarship on Contract Law: Impressions Twenty-Five Years Later"
Jay M Feinman, "Critical Approaches to Contract Law"
Gillian K Hadfield, "An Expressive Theory of Contract: From Feminist Dilemmas to a Reconceptualization of Rational Choice in Contract Law"
Stewart Macaulay, "An Empirical View of Contract"
Stephen Waddams, Dimensions of Private Law
Chapter Two Remedies for Breach of Promise
I. The Interests Protected
Fuller & Perdue, "The Reliance Interest in Contract Damages"
Wertheim v Chicoutimi Pulp Company
Bollenback v Continental Casualty Company
Problems
Anglia Television Ltd v Reed
AI Ogus, Note, "Damages for Pre-Contract Expenditure"
Notes and Questions
Pitcher v Shoebottom
Notes and Questions
Hawkins v McGee
II. Problems in Measuring Damages
A. Cost of Substitute Performance, or Economic Value?
Carson v Willitts
Groves v John Wunder Co
Notes and Problems
B. Lost Volume
Sale of Goods Act
Thompson (WL) Ltd v Robinson (Gunmakers) Ltd
Charter v Sullivan
Note
C. Note on Loss of Chance
III. Remoteness
British Columbia and Vancouver's Island Spar, Lumber and Saw Mill Co Ltd v Nettleship
Hadley v Baxendale
Note
JH Jackson, Contract Law in Modern Society
Notes and Questions
Fuller & Perdue, "The Reliance Interest in Contract Damages"
Horne v The Midland Railway Company
Victoria Laundry Ltd v Newman Industries Ltd
Questions
Munroe Equipment Sales Ltd v Canadian Forest Products Ltd
Scyrup v Economy Tractor Parts Ltd
Koufos v C Czarnikow, Ltd (The Heron II)
Note
Transfield Shipping Inc v Mercator Shipping Inc (The Achilleas)
Cornwall Gravel Co Ltd v Purolator Courier Ltd
Notes and Problems
IV. Intangible Injuries
Addis v Gramophone Company Limited
Note
Kolan v Solicitor
Jarvis v Swans Tours Ltd
Heywood v Wellers
Notes
Vorvis v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia
Fidler v Sun Life Assurance Co of Canada
Notes
V. Punitive Damages
Whiten v Pilot Insurance Co
Notes
VI. Mitigation of Loss
Payzu Limited v Saunders
Roth & Co v Taysen, Townsend & Co
Problems
White & Carter (Councils), Ltd v McGregor
Note
Finelli et al v Dee et al
Notes and Questions
VII. Specific Performance
Civil Code of Québec
Falcke v Gray
Cohen v Roche
Question
Sky Petroleum Ltd v VIP Petroleum Ltd
Gilbert v Barron
Tanenbaum v WJ Bell Paper Co Ltd
Note
Co-operative Insurance Society Ltd v Argyll Stores (Holdings) Ltd
Warner Bros Pictures Incorporated v Nelson
Page One Records Ltd v Britton
Note
VIII. Time of Measuring Damages
Wroth v Tyler
Question
RG Lawson, "Damages: An Appraisal of Wroth v Tyler"
IX. Restitution
Deglman v Guaranty Trust Co of Canada and Constantineau
Notes and Questions
Notes and Questions
Hunt v Silk
Notes
Attorney General v Blake
Notes and Questions
Chapter Three The Kinds of Promises Legally Enforced
I. Bargains
A. Offers and Preliminary Negotiations
Corbin on Contracts, § 11
Notes
Denton v Great Northern Railway Company
Questions
Johnston Brothers v Rogers Brothers
Questions
Harvey v Facey
Questions
Lefkowitz v Great Minneapolis Surplus Store
Question
Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain v Boots Cash Chemists (Southern) Ltd
Swiss Federal Code of Obligations
Questions
Storer v Manchester City Council
Note
B. The Power of Acceptance
Note
Shatford v BC Wine Growers Ltd
Manchester Diocesan Council for Education v Commercial & General Investments Ltd
Questions
Larkin v Gardiner
Dickinson v Dodds
German Civil Code
Uniform Commercial Code
Notes and Questions
Felthouse v Bindley
Wheeler v Klaholt
Restatement of the Law of Contracts (Second)
Notes and Questions
Eliason v Henshaw
Manchester Diocesan Council for Education v Commercial & General Investments Ltd
Hyde v Wrench
Notes and Questions
Butler Machine Tool Co Ltd v Ex-Cell-O Corporation (England) Ltd
Notes and Questions
Uniform Commercial Code
Notes
Notes and Questions
Bristol, Cardiff, and Swansea Aërated Bread Company v Maggs
Notes and Questions
C. The Tendering Process
MJB Enterprises Ltd v Defence Construction (1951)
Notes and Questions
D. Formalization and Certainty
British American Timber Co v Elk River Timber Co
Notes and Questions
May and Butcher, Limited v The King
Uniform Commercial Code
Question
Foley v Classique Coaches, Limited
Scammell (G) and Nephew, Limited v Ouston
Notes and Questions
Questions
Empress Towers Ltd v Bank of Nova Scotia
Notes and Questions
Stephen A Smith, Contract Theory
Notes
E. Contracts Negotiated by Correspondence
Household Insurance Co v Grant
Civil Code of Québec
Note
Henthorn v Fraser
Byrne & Co v Leon Van Tienhoven & Co
Restatement of the Law of Contracts (Second)
Holwell Securities Ltd v Hughes
Questions
Eastern Power Limited v Azienda Comunale Energia and Ambiente
Notes and Questions
Brian Coote, "The Instantaneous Transmission of Acceptances"
Restatement of the Law of Contracts (Second)
Notes and Questions
Electronic Commerce Act, 2000
Notes and Questions
F. Consideration: The Bargain Theory
Notes and Questions
White (Executor) v William Bluett
Questions
Hamer v Sidway
Questions
Eleanor Thomas v Benjamin Thomas
Notes and Questions
G. Mutual Promises
Notes
The Great Northern Railway Company v Witham
Notes and Questions
Tobias v Dick and T Eaton Co
Wood v Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon
Questions and Problems
H. Pre-existing Duty
Harris v Watson
Stilk v Myrick
Notes and Questions
Holmes, The Common Law (1881)
Notes and Questions
Smith v Dawson
Notes and Questions
Raggow v Scougall and Co
Question
Gilbert Steel Ltd v University Construction Ltd
Williams v Roffey Bros Ltd
NAV Canada v Greater Fredericton Airport Authority Inc
Notes and Questions
Foakes v Beer
Notes and Questions
The History and Subsequent Fate of Foakes v Beer
Mercantile Law Amendment Act
Notes and Questions
Law Revision Committee, Sixth Interim Report
I. Compromises
Cook v Wright
Fairgrief v Ellis
Notes and Questions
J. Charitable Subscriptions
Dalhousie College v Boutilier Estate
Notes and Questions
II. Intention
Balfour v Balfour
Notes and Questions
Merritt v Merritt
Family Law Act
Note
Jones v Padavatton
Rose and Frank Company v JR Crompton & Brothers, Limited
Questions
III. Non-Bargain Promises
A. The Seal
Notes and Questions
Fuller, "Consideration and Form"
Alan Brudner, "Reconstructing Contracts"
Questions
Law Revision Committee, Sixth Interim Report
Law Reform Commission of British Columbia, Report on Deeds and Seals, 1988
Notes and Questions
B. Past Consideration
Lampleigh v Brathwait
Questions
Roscorla v Thomas
Notes and Questions
Restatement of the Law of Contracts (Second)
Civil Code of Québec
C. Subsequent Reliance
KN Llewellyn, "What Price Contract? An Essay in Perspective"
1. Gratuitous Undertakings
Notes and Questions
2. Estoppel
Hughes v Metropolitan Railway Co
Central London Property Trust Ltd v High Trees House Ltd
Combe v Combe
Notes and Questions
John Burrows Limited v Subsurface Surveys Limited et al
Owen Sound Public Library Board v Mial Developments Ltd et al
Notes and Questions
D & C Builders, Ltd v Rees
Notes and Questions
Notes and Questions
Crabb v Arun District Council
Notes and Questions
Peter Heffey, Jeannie Paterson & Andrew Robertson, Principles of Contract Law, 2d ed
NM v ATA
Notes and Questions
Warren A Seavey, "Reliance upon Gratuitous Promises or Other Conduct"
Notes and Questions
IV. Unilateral Contracts
Williams v Carwardine
The Crown v Clarke
Civil Code of Québec
Notes and Questions
Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Company
Note
Notes and Questions
Dale v Manitoba
Grant v Province of New Brunswick
Notes and Questions
Errington v Errington
Dawson v Helicopter Exploration
Questions
Restatement of the Law of Contracts (Second)
Uniform Commercial Code
Notes
Chapter Four Contracts and Third Parties
I. Third-Party Beneficiaries
Tweddle v Atkinson
Drive Yourself Hire Co Ltd v Strutt
Beswick v Beswick
Questions
Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co Ltd v Selfridge & Co Ltd
The Satanita
Mulholland v Merriam
Note on the Trust Concept
Jackson v Horizon Holidays Ltd
Note
New Zealand Shipping Co Ltd v AM Satterthwaite & Co Ltd (The Eurymedon)
Notes
London Drugs Ltd v Kuehne & Nagel International Ltd
Note
Fraser River Pile & Dredge Ltd v Can-Dive Services Ltd
Notes
Restatement of the Law of Contracts (Second)
Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999
Québec Civil Code
Problem
II. Assignment
Conveyancing and Law of Property Act
III. Agency
Seavey, "The Rationale of Agency"
IV. Mercantile Agents
Factors Act
V. Buyers and Sellers in Possession
Sale of Goods Act
Notes and Questions
VI. Mistake of Identity
Boulton v Jones
Cundy v Lindsay
Note
King's Norton Metal Co Ltd v Edridge, Merrett & Co Ltd
Ingram v Little
Lewis v Averay
VII. Documents Mistakenly Signed
Foster v Mackinnon
Howatson v Webb
Saunders v Anglia Building Society (Gallie v Lee)
Marvco Colour Research Ltd v Harris
Chapter Five Written Documents
I. Unsigned Documents (The Ticket Cases)
Parker v The South Eastern Railway Company
Question
McCutcheon v David MacBrayne Ltd
Thornton v Shoe Lane Parking Ltd
Questions
British Crane Hire Corp Ltd v Ipswich Plant Hire Ltd
II. Parol Evidence Rule
Federal Commerce & Navigation Co Ltd v Tradax Export SA
Prenn v Simmonds
Notes
Farah v Barki
Question
Hawrish v Bank of Montreal
Note
Morgan v Griffith
Pym v Campbell
Corbin on Contracts, § 24.7
Long v Smith
Notes
Tilden Rent-A-Car Co v Clendenning
Gallen v Allstate Grain Co Ltd
Note
III. Rectification
USA v Motor Trucks, Limited
Bercovici v Palmer
Performance Industries Ltd v Sylvan Lake Golf & Tennis Club Ltd
Note
Paget v Marshall
Notes and Problem
Chapter Six Protection of Weaker Parties
I. Introduction
II. Minors
Rex v Rash
Notes
Sale of Goods Act
Nash v Inman
Notes
III. Forfeitures and Penalty Clauses
Shatilla v Feinstein
Problem
HF Clarke Limited v Thermidaire Corp Ltd
Stockloser v Johnson
Notes
IV. Clauses Excluding Liability
Margaret J Radin, Boilerplate, the Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law
George Mitchell Ltd v Finney Lock Seeds Ltd
Notes
Hunter Engineering Co v Syncrude Canada Ltd
Note
Davidson v Three Spruces Realty Ltd
Delaney v Cascade River Holidays Ltd
Tercon Contractors Ltd v British Columbia (Transportation and Highways)
Notes
V. Unconscionability and Undue Influence
Michael J Trebilcock, The Limits of Freedom of Contract
Note
Arthur A Leff, "Unconscionability and the Code: The Emperor's New Clause"
Notes
Rick Bigwood, Exploitative Contracts
Post et al v Jones et al
Note
Marshall v Canada Permanent Trust Co
Note
Mundinger v Mundinger
Harry v Kreutziger
Notes
Lloyds Bank Limited v Bundy
Credit Lyonnais Bank Nederland NV v Burch
Royal Bank of Scotland plc v Etridge (No 2) and Other Appeals
Notes
Macaulay v A Schroeder Music Publishing Co Ltd
Notes and Questions
Pridmore v Calvert
Horry v Tate
Woods v Hubley
VI. Duress
Greater Fredericton Airport Authority Inc v NAV Canada
Notes
VII. Consumer Protection
Consumer Protection Act, 2002
Unconscionable Transactions Relief Act
VIII. Restitution
Chapter Seven Public Policy
I. Introduction
II. The Effects of Illegality
Holman v Johnson
Notes
III. Contracts Contrary to Public Policy Expressed in the Common Law
Notes
In the Matter of Baby "M"
Notes and Questions
A. Contracts in Restraint of Trade
Shafron v KRG Insurance Brokers (Western) Inc
Notes
B. Contracts Related to Gaming
Boardwalk Regency Corp v Maalouf
Notes
C. Contracts in Furtherance of Illegal Purposes
Zimmermann v Letkeman
Note
D. Contracts Conferring Benefits Obtained as a Result of Crime
Brissette Estate v Westbury Life Insurance Co; Brissette Estate v Crown Life Insurance Co
Notes and Questions
Oldfield v Transamerica Life Insurance Co of Canada
Note and Question
IV. Contracts Contrary to Public Policy Expressed in Statute
A. When a Contract Is Rendered Void by Statute
Kingshot v Brunskill
Question on Legal Method
Doherty v Southgate (Township)
B. A Common Intent to Perform a Contract Illegally
Ashmore, Benson, Pease & Co Ltd v AV Dawson Ltd
V. Mitigating the Consequences of Illegality
A. When the Claim Is Founded on an Independent Right
Mistry Amar Singh v Serwano Wofunira Kulubya
Notes and Questions
B. Restitution
Kiriri Cotton Co Ltd v Rachhoddas Keshavji Dewani
Outson v Zurowski
Notes and Questions
C. Severance of Illegal Provisions
William E Thomson Associates Inc v Carpenter
Transport North American Express Inc v New Solutions Financial Corp
Note
VI. An Alternative Approach?
Still v MNR
Chapter Eight Performance and Breach
I. Repudiatory Breach
Kingston v Preston
Rules of Civil Procedure
Bettini v Gye
Questions
Poussard v Spiers and Pond
Questions
Cehave NV v Bremer Handelgeselleschaft GmbH
Sale of Goods Act
Maple Flock Company, Ltd v Universal Furniture Products (Wembley), Ltd
Restatement of the Law of Contracts (Second)
Questions
II. Waiver and the True Condition Precedent
Panoutsos v Raymond Hadley Corporation of New York
Note
Turney v Zhilka
Questions
Barnett v Harrison
III. The Position of the Party in Breach
Jacob & Youngs, Inc v Kent
Questions
Hoenig v Isaacs
Questions
Cutter v Powell
Note
Apportionment Act
Sumpter v Hedges
Questions
Chapter Nine Mistake
I. Introduction
II. Misrepresentations
Grotius, "Whether a Promise Given Under a Misapprehension Is by the Law of Nature Binding, and to What Extent" (1625)
Heilbut, Symons & Co v Buckleton
Notes and Questions
Bentley (Dick) Productions Ltd v Smith (Harold) (Motors) Ltd
Redgrave v Hurd
Newbigging v Adam
Kupchak v Dayson Holdings Ltd
Notes
Redican v Nesbitt
Note
Leaf v International Galleries
O'Flaherty v McKinley
Murray v Sperry Rand Corporation et al
Notes
Competition Act
Notes
III. The Relationship Between Contract and Tort
Hedley Byrne & Co Ltd v Heller & Partners Ltd
Esso Petroleum Co Ltd v Mardon
Notes and Questions
IV. Mistake About Contractual Terms
Hobbs v Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Co
Raffles v Wichelhaus
Notes and Questions
Staiman Steel Ltd v Commercial & Home Buildings Ltd
Henkel v Pape
Questions
Smith v Hughes
Notes and Problems
V. Mistake in Assumptions
Anthony Duggan, "Silence as Misleading Conduct: An Economic Analysis"
Note
Laidlaw v Organ
Notes and Questions
Bell v Lever Brothers Ltd
Solle v Butcher
Magee v Pennine Insurance Co
Note
Great Peace Shipping Ltd v Tsavliris Salvage (International) Ltd
Notes and Questions
Miller Paving Limited v B Gottardo Construction Ltd
Scott v Coulson
Sherwood v Walker
McRae v Commonwealth Disposals Comm
Questions
Wood v Boynton
Notes
R (Ont) v Ron Engineering
Notes and Problems
VI. Restitution
Chapter Ten Frustration
I. Introduction
II. Theoretical Perspectives on the Doctrine of Frustration
George G Triantis, "Contractual Allocations of Unknown Risks: A Critique of the Doctrine of Commercial Impracticability"
Richard A Posner & Andrew M Rosenfield, "Impossibility and Related Doctrines in Contract Law: An Economic Analysis"
Notes
III. The Rule of Absolute Promises
Paradine v Jane
Note
IV. Relaxation of the Rule of Absolute Promises
Taylor v Caldwell
Notes
Amalgamated Investment and Property Co Ltd v John Walker & Sons Ltd
Capital Quality Homes Ltd v Colwyn Construction Ltd
Notes
Victoria Wood Development Corp Inc v Ondrey et al
Notes and Questions
Howell v Coupland
Canadian Industrial Alcohol Company, Ltd v Dunbar Molasses Company
Parrish & Heimbecker Ltd v Gooding Lumber Ltd et al
Krell v Henry
Aluminum Co of America v Essex Group, Inc
Notes
Eastern Air Lines v Gulf Oil Corp
Edwinton Commercial Corporation and Another v Tsavliris Russ (Worldwide Salvage and Towage) Ltd ("The Sea Angel")
Notes and Questions
Tsakiroglou & Co Ltd v Noblee Thorl GmbH
Transatlantic Financing Corp v United States
Davis Contractors Ltd v Fareham Urban District Council
Notes
V. Relief on Terms: Restitution and Reliance
Appleby v Myers
Fibrosa Spolka Akcyna v Fairbairn Lawson Combe Barbour Ltd
Note
Frustrated Contracts Act
Notes and Questions
Frustrated Contract Act
 
 
 
 
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